Tests / Protocols

  • Carotid IMT
    Carotid duplex imaging is used to measure intima-media thickness (IMT), a measure of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) which has been shown to correlate with CVD risk factors.
  • Vascular Stiffness
    The cause of the increased vascular stiffness with age in humans is not known. Differences in the progression of vascular stiffness with aging may be an important determinant of the development of hypertension, especially systolic hypertension, with the subsequent substantial risk of vascular disease.
  • Endothelial Function
    Changes in arterial function and structure are thought to precede measurable atherosclerosis and may be the earliest markers for disease potential. Among the most promising are measures of vascular stiffness and endothelial function.
  • Other Non-Invasive Measures
    The URL provides training and certification for organizations that wish to implement the Ankle-Arm Indices testing for patient care, research or public health screening. For information contact Emma Barinas-Mitchell.
  • Peri-Aortic Vascular Adipose Tissue